111 substrate for magnetic and ferroelectric thin films

for Magnetic and Ferroelectric Thin Films

Magnetic films are widely used in information storage, stealth technology, magnetic sensors, microwave communication, electronic countermeasures, electromagnetic compatibility and so on. Magnetic films can be used as thin film magnetic recording media, thin film magnetic heads, thin film noise suppressors, planar thin film resistors, capacitors, etc.

Ferroelectric materials have a series of excellent physical properties, such as excellent electrochemical properties, dielectric properties, pyroelectric effect, piezoelectric effect, electro-optic, acoustooptic effect, photorefractive and nonlinear optical properties. These properties can be used to make different functional devices, and it is expected to prepare integrated devices through the integration or combination of ferroelectric thin film materials and other materials.

 

CasCrysTech(CCT)  provides high-quality substrate materials for these ferroelectric thin film materials, including TiO2, MgO, SrTiO3, (LA, SR) (al, TA) O3, LaAlO3, TGG, GGG, etc.

array(9) {
  [0] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "57"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "MgO"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(157) "MgO are used in many thin film technology fields:
▪ Magnetic films
▪ Semiconductor films
▪ Optical films
▪ High-temperature superconducting films"
    ["content"] => string(13117) "<table cellspacing="0" width="595"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Growth Method</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Special Arc Melting</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Cub</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">a=4.130 Å &nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Melting Point</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2800</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Purity</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">99.95%</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Density</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">3.58</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">(</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Mohs H</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ardness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5.5<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>mohs<span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">11.2x10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">/K</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Cleavage Plane</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;100&gt;<!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Transmittance</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&gt;90%<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>200~1000nm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dielectric Constants</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">ε= 9.65</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Thermal Conductivity</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">36</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" color:="" background:="">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" color:="" font-size:="" background:="">W/mk @</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;300°K</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 11px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">D</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">i</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">mension</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5x5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>10x10mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>20x20mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">3</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0x30mm ,Ø50.8 mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">T</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">hickness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>1.0mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">P</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">olishing</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Orientation</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;001&gt;,&lt;110&gt;,&lt;111&gt;<!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2°<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>Special requirements can reach within 1°<span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Ra</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤5Å<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>5×5µm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">))</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">P</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ackage</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table>"
    ["content2"] => string(118) "<p>Dimension</p><p>5x5mm,10x10mm,20x20mm,30x30mm , Ø50.8 mm</p><p>Thickness</p><p>0.5mm,1.0mm</p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(965) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 16px;">Magnesium oxide (MgO) single crystal substrates are widely used in many thin film technology fields. Such as the production of magnetic films, semiconductor films, optical films and high-temperature superconducting films. Because the dielectric constant and loss of MgO single crystal in the microwave band are very small, and large-area substrates (2 inches in diameter and larger) can be obtained, it is an important high-temperature superconducting thin-film single crystal substrate for the current industrialization. one. It can be used to make high-temperature superconducting microwave filters and other devices required by mobile communication equipment, and has a large realistic and potential application market.</span></p><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 16px;">CasCrysTech(CCT) provise MgO substrate upon customer&#39;s request.</span></p>"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2301"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(47) "Magnesium oxide (MgO) crystal, substrate, wafer"
    ["meta_key"] => string(110) "MgO, single crystal, substrate, wafer, magnesioum oxide, semiconductor films, high-temperature superconducting"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(247) "Magnesium oxide (MgO) is widely used in the production of magnetic films, semiconductor films, optical films, and high-temperature superconducting films. Its high curie temperature makes it suitable in many high temperature applications(Tc=360℃)"
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(169) "The dielectric constant and loss of MgO single crystal in the microwave band are very small, and large-area substrates (2 inches in diameter and larger) can be obtained."
  }
  [1] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "58"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(6) "SrTiO3"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(482) "A variety of high-temperature superconducting thin films (Y-line, Bi-line, La-line, etc.) made using various membrane making techniques (such as magnetic sputtering, pulse laser deposition, laser molecular beam epitaxy, etc.) can obtain TCO 90 ° K, JCO 106A / cm2.
SrTiO3 is also the preferred single crystal material for high temperature superconducting junction technology (using two-crystal substrate or step substrate) and substrate stepping (oblique cut at a specific angle)."
    ["content"] => string(14045) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Cubic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" color:="" font-size:="" background:="">Verneuil&#39;s method</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">, floating zone method</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=3.905Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Melting Poi</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">nt</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2060℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">5.122<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">g/cm</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">6-6.5&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">(</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">mohs)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">9.4×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">/K</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dielectric Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">ε=5.20</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Chemical Stability</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Insoluble in water</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Loss Tangent</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">~5×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-4</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">(<span times="" new="">300k</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)&nbsp;</span><span times="" new="">~3×10</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-4</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">(<span times="" new="">77k</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">C</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">olor</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Transparent (sometimes slightly&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">yellow</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;according to the annealing state)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">D</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">imension</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">x5m</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">m<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">10×5m</span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">m</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">、<span times="" new="">10×10mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">20×20mm,Dia25.4mm,Dia30mm,</span></span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thickness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">D</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">imension Tolerance</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;±0.1mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;Tolerance</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;±0.05mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;100&gt;<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">&lt;110&gt;<!--110--><!--110--><!--110--><!--110--><!--110--><!--110--><!--110--></span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">&lt;111&gt;&nbsp;<!--111--><!--111--><!--111--><!--111--><!--111--><!--111--><!--111--></span><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2°<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">Special requirements can reach within 1 °</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">Pack</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">age</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(753) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">5x5mm、10×5mm、10×10mm、20×20mm,Dia25.4mm,Dia30mm,</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness<span style="white-space: pre;"></span></span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm、1.0mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension Tolerance &lt;±0.1mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness Tolerance<span style="white-space: pre;"></span>&lt;±0.05mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(2092) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Strontium&nbsp;titanate(</span>SrTiO<sub>3</sub>)is&nbsp;an insulating material, which can be transformed into ferroelectric materials or superconductors by chemical doping, pressure, strain or isotope substitution.&nbsp;</p><p style="white-space: normal;">It is&nbsp;<span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">o</span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">ne of the most widely used excellent high temperature superconducting single crystal substrates. It matches well the lattice of high temperature superconducting materials such as YBa</span><sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Cu</span><sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="">O</span><sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">7</span></sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="">, twinning less structure and has excellent physical and mechanical properties. A variety of high-temperature superconducting thin films (Y-line, Bi-line, La-line, etc.) made using various membrane making techniques (such as magnetic sputtering, pulse laser deposition, laser molecular beam epitaxy, etc.) can obtain TCO 90 ° K, JCO 106A / cm2.SrTiO</span><sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sub><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;is also the preferred single crystal material for high temperature superconducting junction technology (using two-crystal substrate or step substrate) and substrate stepping (oblique cut at a specific angle).</span></span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality s<span times="" new="" font-size:="">trontium&nbsp;titanate(</span>SrTiO<sub style="white-space: normal;">3</sub>) crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(32) "Strontium titanate(SrTiO3) wafer"
    ["meta_key"] => string(71) "Strontium titanate,SrTiO3,ferroelectric,superconductor,high temperature"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Strontium titanate(SrTiO3)is an insulating material, which can be transformed into ferroelectric materials or superconductors by chemical doping, pressure, strain or isotope substitution. one of the most widely used excellent high temperature superconduct"
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    ["feature"] => string(469) "Strstrontium titanate (SrTiO3)is an insulating material, which can be transformed into ferroelectric materials or superconductors by chemical doping, pressure, strain or isotope substitution.
It is one of the most widely used excellent high temperature superconducting single crystal substrates. 
It matches well the lattice of high temperature superconducting materials such as YBa2Cu3O7, twinning less structure and has excellent physical and mechanical properties."
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    ["id"] => string(2) "62"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(9) "Fe:SrTiO3"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(66) "It can be used as a semiconductor and in photo-optic applications."
    ["content"] => string(15907) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Cubic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">G</span><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">rowth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">F</span><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">lame</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Crystal Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">a=3.905Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><strong><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">D</span></strong><strong><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">oping Concentration(Fe%)</span></strong></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><strong><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">0.005%,0.04%</span></strong></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Melt Point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">2080℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">5.122<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">g/cm</span></span><sup><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">3</span></sup><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">6-6.5<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">mohs</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Dielectric Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">ε=5.20</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Chemical Stability</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Insoluble in water</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">10.4×10</span><sup><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">-6</span></sup><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">/K</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Tangent Loss</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">~5×10</span><sup><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">-4</span></sup><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">(<span style="font-family:Times New Roman">300k</span><span style="font-family:宋体">) </span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">~3×10</span></span><sup><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">-4</span></sup><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">(<span style="font-family:Times New Roman">77k</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:宋体;font-size:14px">Dimension</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">10×3mm<span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">10×5mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">10×10mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">15×15mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">20×15mm</span></span></p><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Thickness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">0.5mm<span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Dimensional Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">&lt;±0.1mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Thickness Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">&lt;±0.015mm &nbsp;special requirements &lt;±0.005mm<span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">2°<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span></span><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">&lt;100&gt;<span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">&lt;110&gt;<!--110--><!--110--></span><span style="font-family:宋体">、</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">&lt;111&gt;<!--111--><!--111--></span><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(300) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimensional Tolerance</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">&lt;±0.1mm</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness Tolerance</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">&lt;±0.015mm&nbsp; special requirements &lt;±0.005mm)</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1237) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Iron-doped strontium titanate and strontium titanate single crystal have a similar structure.&nbsp;<span style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 15.2px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;It can be used as a&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 15.2px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"></span></span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">semiconductor<span style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 15.2px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;and in photo-optic applications.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 15.2px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality Fe:SrTiO3 crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="color: rgb(68, 68, 68); font-size: 15.2px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><br/></span></span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(41) "Iron-doped strontium titanate (Fe:SrTiO3)"
    ["meta_key"] => string(71) "Fe:SrTiO3,Iron-doped strontium titanate, similar structure, photo-optic"
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CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality Fe:SrTiO3 crystal which can be customized upon custo"
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  [3] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "63"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(9) "Nd:SrTiO3"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(139) "An excellent substrate material, special optical window material and sputtering target for epitaxial growth of HTS and various oxide films."
    ["content"] => string(17150) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Cubic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="color: rgb(17, 17, 17); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Verneuil</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=3.905Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Nd concentration&nbsp;(Fe%)</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0.</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">0</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5<span style="font-family: 宋体;">%</span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">, 0.04%</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melting point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2080℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5.122 </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">(</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">M</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ohs</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;Hardness</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">6-6.5<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">mohs</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">9.4×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">/K</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dielectric Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">ε=5.20</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Chemical Stability</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Insoluble in water</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Secant Loss</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">~5×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-4</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(<span style="font-family: " times="" new="">300k</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">) </span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">~3×10</span></span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-4</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(<span style="font-family: " times="" new="">77k</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">D</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">i</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">mension</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">10×3mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×5mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×10mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">15×15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">20×15mm</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thickness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimensional Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;±0.1mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thickness Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;±0.015mm,Special requirements can be met&lt;±0.005mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystallographic Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;100&gt;<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">&lt;110&gt;<!--110--><!--110--></span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">&lt;111&gt;etc.<!--111--><!--111--></span><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(580) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10×3mm、10×5mm、10×10mm、15×15mm、20×15mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"></span></p><p><br/><span style="font-size: 14px;"></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <br/></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm、1.0mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimensional Tolerance&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&lt;±0.1mm<br/>Thickness Tolerance&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&lt;±0.015mm Special requirements can be met&lt;±0.005mm)</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1277) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Neodymium doped strontium titanate, Nd-doped SrTiO</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;single crystal have a similar structure to SrTiO</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3.</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;SrTiO</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;single crystal has a good lattice structure of perovskite structure material, and is an excellent substrate material, special optical window material and sputtering target for epitaxial growth of HTS and various oxide films.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality <span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">neodymium doped strontium titanate (Nd-doped SrTiO</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3</span></sub>)&nbsp;crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p>"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2304"
    ["create_time"] => string(10) "1657471889"
    ["update_time"] => string(10) "1657471889"
    ["status"] => string(1) "1"
    ["meta_title"] => string(54) "Neodymium doped strontium titanate (Nd:SrTiO3) cryslta"
    ["meta_key"] => string(98) "Nd:SrTiO3,Neodymium doped strontium titanate,perovskite structure,optical window,sputtering target"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Neodymium doped strontium titanate, Nd-doped SrTiO3 single crystal have a similar structure to SrTiO3. SrTiO3 single crystal has a good lattice structure of perovskite structure material, and is an excellent substrate material, special optical window mate"
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(191) "Neodymium doped strontium titanate, Nd-doped SrTiO3 single crystal have a similar structure to SrTiO3. 
SrTiO3 single crystal has a good lattice structure of perovskite structure material。"
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  [4] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "59"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(16) "(La,Sr)(Al,Ta)O3"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(93) "Suitable for deposit films at low temperatures to improve lattice mismatch and reduce stress."
    ["content"] => string(25694) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tbody style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><tr class="firstRow" style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Crystal structure</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Quartet</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Crystal growth method</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Czochralski technology</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Lattice constant</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">a=3.756Å&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;c=12.63 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">Melting point</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">℃</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">1650</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Density</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">5.92</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">g/cm<span style="font-size: 12px; line-height: 0; vertical-align: baseline; top: -0.5em;">3</span></span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Hardness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">6-6.5</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">mohs</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">dielectric coefficient</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">ε=16.8</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; height: 11px;"><td width="187" valign="top" rowspan="2" height="11" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="margin-bottom: 18px; box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Size</span></p><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" height="11" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">10x3</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">10x5</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">10x10</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">15x15</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">20x15</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">20x20</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; height: 10px;"><td width="408" valign="top" height="10" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">Ф15,Ф20</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">Ф1″</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">Ф2″,Ф2.6″</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">0.5mm</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Polishing</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Single-sided or double-sided</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Crystal orientation</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;"><</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">001</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">></span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Crystal plane orientation accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Edge orientation accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">2°</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Bevel wafer</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">According to specific requirements, wafers with edge-oriented crystal planes inclined at a specific angle (inclination angle 1°-45°) can be processed</span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Ra:</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">≤5Å</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial;">5µm×5µm</span><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><br/></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><br/></td></tr><tr style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Package</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-style: solid; border-top-color: initial; border-left-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; box-sizing: border-box; vertical-align: middle; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 14px !important;"><p style="box-sizing: border-box; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 16px !important;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; padding: 0px; overflow-wrap: break-word; text-align: initial; font-size: 14px;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(533) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">10x3mm,10x5mm,10x10mm,15x15mm,20x15mm,20x20mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ф15,Ф20,Ф1″,Ф2″,Ф2.6″</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(670) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">The strontium lanthanum aluminate crystal has no twins and phase transitions from the melting point to the low temperature. It has the same structure as the high-temperature superconductor YBCO. Compared with other substrates, the&lt;001&gt;plane has a moderate lattice mismatch with YBCO&lt;001&gt;. (2.5~3.5%). At the same time, the thermal expansion coefficient of this crystal is lower than that of other perovskite crystals, which can deposit films at lower temperatures to improve lattice mismatch and reduce stress.<!--001--><!--001--><!--001--><!--001--><!--001--><!--001--></span></p>"
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    ["feature"] => string(256) "No twins and phase transitions from the melting point to the low temperature. Has the same structure as the high-temperature superconductor YBCO.
Moderate lattice mismatch with YBCO<001>. (2.5~3.5%). 
Thermal expansion coefficient of this crystal is low."
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    ["id"] => string(2) "60"
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    ["title"] => string(6) "LaAlO3"
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    ["application"] => string(151) "Making high-temperature superconducting microwave electronic devices (such as high-temperature superconducting microwave filters in telecommunication)."
    ["content"] => string(13729) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="204" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">M6<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>normal &nbsp;temperature<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="204" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">M3<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>&gt;435℃<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="204" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">M6 a=5.357A &nbsp;&nbsp;c=13.22 A</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="204" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">M3 a=3.821 A</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Melting Point</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">2080℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Density</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">6.52<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>g/cm<sup>3</sup>)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">6-6.5<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>mohs<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">9.4x10<sup>-6</sup>/K</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dielectric Constants</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">ε=21</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Secant Loss<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>10GHz)</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">~3×10<sup>-4</sup>@300k,<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">~</span>0.6×10<sup>-4</sup>@77k</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Color and Appearance</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">To anneal and conditions differ from brown to brownish<br/>The polished substrate has natural twin domains<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">.</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Chemical Stability</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Room temperature is not dissoluble in minerals, the temperature is greater than&nbsp;150&nbsp;℃&nbsp;in soluble h3po4</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Characteristics</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">For microwave&nbsp;electron device</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Czochralski</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 11px;"><td rowspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10x3mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>10x5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>10x10mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>15x15mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>20x15mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>20x20mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 10px;"><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ф15,Ф20<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>Ф1″<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>Ф2″,Ф2.6″</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>1.0mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Polishing</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Orientation</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><100<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">></span>&nbsp;&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;"><</span>110<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">></span>&nbsp;&nbsp;<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;"><</span>111<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">2°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>Special requirements can reach within 1°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Bevel Wafer</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">According to specific requirements, wafers with edge-oriented crystal planes inclined at a specific angle (inclination angle 1°-45°) can be processed.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ra≤5Å<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>5×5µm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Package</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(772) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension<br/>10x3mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>10x5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>10x10mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>15x15mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>20x15mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>20x20mm;&nbsp;Ф15,Ф20<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>Ф1″<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>Ф2″,Ф2.6″.</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><br/></span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span>1.0mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1108) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO<sub>3</sub>) single crystal is currently the most important industrialized, large-size single crystal material for high-temperature superconducting thin film substrates. It is grown by the Czochralski method, and single crystals and substrates with a diameter of 2 inches and larger can be obtained. It matches well with high-temperature superconducting materials and lattices such as YBaCuO, has low dielectric constant and low microwave loss, so it is suitable for making high-temperature superconducting microwave electronic devices (such as high-temperature superconducting microwave filters in telecommunication). There are huge reality and potential application prospects.</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality l<span style="font-size: 14px;">anthanum aluminate (LaAlO</span><sub style="white-space: normal;">3</sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">)&nbsp;</span>crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(64) "Lanthanum aluminate(LaAlO3) crystal substrate wafer manufacturer"
    ["meta_key"] => string(102) "Lanthanum aluminate,LaAlO3,substrate,wafer,single crystal,high temperature, super conducting thin film"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(225) "Currently the most important industrialized, large-size single crystal material for high-temperature superconducting thin film substrates. Single crystals and substrates with a diameter of 2 inches and larger can be obtained."
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    ["feature"] => string(142) "Matches well with high-temperature superconducting materials and lattices such as YBaCuO;
Has low dielectric constant and low microwave loss."
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  [6] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "61"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "TGG"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(331) "TGG crystal is suitable for constructing the Faraday effect devices and make up for the deficiency of YIG crystal in the visible and near infrared spectral regions.
TGG crystal has aroused widespread concern as an ideal magneto-optical material for the optical isolators of fiber laser devices in the visible and infrared regions."
    ["content"] => string(16678) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Molecular Formula</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Tb</span><sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Ga</span><sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">5</span></sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">O</span><sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">12</span></sub></span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=12.355 Å &nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">G</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">rowth Method</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Czochralski </span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">M</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">elting point</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1725℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">D</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">ensity</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">7.13</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">M</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">ohs Hardness</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">8(mohs)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Refractive Index</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1.954 @1064nm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Verdet Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0.12min/O</span><sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">e.</span></sub><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">cm &nbsp;&nbsp;at1064nm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;111&gt;within 0.5 degrees<!--111--><!--111--><!--111--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">W</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">avefront Distortion</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;1/8 wave total </span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">at</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;633nm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">E</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">xtinction Ratio</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&gt;30dB</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:11px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="94" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="94" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Diameter</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">+0.00mm/-0.05mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:10px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="94" valign="top"><br/></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="94" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">L</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ength</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.2mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">C</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">hamfer</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0.13mm(+0.00mm,-0.08mm)&nbsp;&nbsp;at 45°±5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="595" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Processing parameters</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">F</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">latness</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;1/10 wave at 633nm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">P</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">arallelism</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;1 minutes of arc</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">V</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">erticality</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;1 &nbsp;degree</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">S/D</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">2</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0/</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">1</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(135) "<p>Dimension</p><p>Diameter<span style="white-space: pre;"></span>+0.00mm/-0.05mm</p><p><br/></p><p>Lengt</p><p>±0.2mm</p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(2367) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Terbium Gallium Garnet (Tb</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ga</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">5</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">12</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">, TGG) is a high performance magneto-optical crystal in the visible and infrared spectral range. TGG crystal possesses a high Verdet constant, low absorption coefficient, high thermal conductivity, high laser damage threshold and excellent optical quality. All these merits make TGG crystal suitable for constructing the Faraday effect devices and make up for the deficiency of YIG crystal in the visible and near infrared spectral regions. TGG crystal has aroused widespread concern as an ideal magneto-optical material for the optical isolators of fiber laser devices in the visible and infrared regions.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality T</span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">erbium Gallium Garnet (Tb</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3</span></sub><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">Ga</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">5</span></sub><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">12</span></sub><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">, TGG)</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></span></p><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><br/></span></span><br/></p><p><br/></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(39) "Terbium Gallium Garnet (Tb3Ga5O12, TGG)"
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    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Terbium Gallium Garnet (Tb3Ga5O12, TGG) is a high performance magneto-optical crystal in the visible and infrared spectral range. Aroused widespread concern as an ideal magneto-optical material for the optical isolators of fiber laser devices in the visib"
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  [7] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "56"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(4) "TiO2"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(44) "Spectral prisms, polarization and substrate."
    ["content"] => string(10807) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Tetragonal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Optical floating zone method</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=4.5936Å &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;c=2.9582 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">4.26<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">g/cm</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">7<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">mohs</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Heat Capacity</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.17 (KJ/kg)<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">25℃</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Transmission Wavelength</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5<span style="font-family: 宋体;">~</span><span times="" new="">4.5um</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Refractive Index</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">no=2.47 ne=2.73&nbsp;</span><span times="" new="" style="font-size: 14px;">at</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;λ=1.3μm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dielectric Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">~180 //&lt;001&gt;; &nbsp;&nbsp;~90&nbsp;<!--001--><!--001--><!--001--></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">⊥</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;001&gt;<!--001--><!--001--><!--001--></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermo-Optical coefficient</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">dη/dT<span style="font-family: 宋体;">:</span><span times="" new="">a</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">:</span><span times="" new="">-0.72×10</span></span><strong style="white-space: normal;"><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup></strong><strong><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:=""></span></sup></strong><span times="" new="" font-size:="">/k ; c<span style="font-family: 宋体;">:</span><span times="" new="">-0.42×10</span></span><strong><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup></strong><span times="" new="" font-size:="">/k</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">a<span style="font-family: 宋体;">:</span><span times="" new="">7.14×10</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-</span></sup><strong><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">6</span></sup></strong><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;/K<span style="font-family: 宋体;">;</span><span times="" new="">c</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">:</span><span times="" new="">9.19×10</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-</span></sup><strong><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">6</span></sup></strong><strong><span times="" new="" font-size:="">/</span></strong><span times="" new="" font-size:="">K</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Boule Dimension</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ17×80mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;100&gt;;&lt;110&gt;;&lt;001&gt;;&lt;111&gt;<!--111--><!--001--><!--110--><!--100--><!--111--><!--001--><!--110--><!--100--><!--111--><!--001--><!--110--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span times="" new="" font-size:="">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">5×5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">5×10mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">10×10mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension Tolerance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.05mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><strong>Processing Parameters for Prisms</strong></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Parallelism</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;30″</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Flatness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;λ/4</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">S/D</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">20/10</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Pack</span><span times="" new="" style="font-size: 14px;">age</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(412) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">5×5mm、5×10mm、10×10mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension Tolerance</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">±0.05mm</span></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1756) "<p><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Titanium dioxide (TiO</span><sub style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">)</span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">crystal has large birefringence and refractive index, is an ideal material for spectral prisms and polarization devices (e. g., optical isolators and beam splitter). TiO</span><sub style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;crystal&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">is attracting attention also as a substrate for epitaxial growth</span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">.</span></p><p><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality </span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Titanium dioxide (TiO</span><sub style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">)</span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;"></span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(31) "Titanium dioxide (TiO2) crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(84) "large birefringence,refractive index,refractive index,polarization devices,substrate"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Titanium dioxide (TiO2) crystal has large birefringence and refractive index, is an ideal material for spectral prisms and polarization devices (e. g., optical isolators and beam splitter). TiO2 crystal is attracting attention also as a substrate for epit"
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  [8] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "64"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "GGG"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(203) "Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG) is a special substrate for magneto-optical thin films. 
Used for epitaxial growth of YIG and BIG thin films. 
The best substrate material for making microwave isolators."
    ["content"] => string(12982) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext; border-style: solid; border-width: 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: solid solid solid none; border-width: 1px 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Cubic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Czochralski</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=12.376Å,(Z=8) &nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melt Point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1800℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Purity</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">99.95%</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">7.09(<span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">g/cm</span></span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">6-7<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">mohs</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Refractive Index</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1.95</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:11px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">5x5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">10x5mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">10x10mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">15x15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">20x15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">20x20mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">Dia50.8mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">T</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">hickness</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;111&gt;/&lt;100&gt;/&lt;110&gt;±0.5º<!--110--><!--100--><!--111--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: Times New Roman;">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Bevel Wafer</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to specific requirements, wafers with edge-oriented crystal planes inclined at a specific angle (inclination angle 1°-45°) can be processed.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" color:="" font-size:="">Ra</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤5Å<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">5×5µm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-style: none solid solid; border-width: medium 1px 1px;" width="187" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext currentcolor; border-style: none solid solid none; border-width: medium 1px 1px medium;" width="408" valign="top"><p style="text-align:left"><span style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(658) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension<br/>5x5mm,10x5mm,10x10mm,15x15mm,20x15mm,20x20mm<br/><br/><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); text-decoration-thickness: initial; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">∅</span>50.8mm<br/><br/>Thickness<br/>0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(472) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG) is a special substrate for magneto-optical thin films.&nbsp;GGG single crystal substrates with different tangential directions can be optimally matched with the crystal lattice of YIG and BIG thin film magneto-optical materials, so as to ensure the successful epitaxial growth of YIG and BIG thin films. GGG crystal is also the best substrate material for making microwave isolators.</span></p><p><br/></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(39) "Gadolinium Gallium Garnet (GGG) crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(84) "Gadolinium Gallium Garnet,GGG crystal,magneto-optical thin films,microwave isolators"
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