111 substrate for epitaxyl semiconductor films

for Semiconductor Films

Various substrate are used for semiconductor films, CasCrysTech(CCT)  provides GaN, SiC,  GaAs, Si,  ZnO, InP, GaSb, InAs, Ge, etc. according to customer's requirements.



array(15) {
  [0] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(3) "160"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(5) "Ga2O3"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(50) "Promising for power switching device applications."
    ["content"] => string(10248) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody style="box-sizing: inherit; margin: 0px;"><tr class="firstRow"><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Monoclinic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td width="310" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">a=12.23Å, b=3.04Å, c=5.80Å,</span></span>&nbsp;ß=103.7°</p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Orientation</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;"></span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&lt;100&gt;<!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--></span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;±1°,&nbsp;&lt;010&gt;&nbsp;<span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">±</span>1° ,&lt;001&gt;<span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;<span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">±</span>1°</span><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--><!--001--><!--010--></span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">9 (mohs)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Density</span></p></td><td width="310" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">5.88 (g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: super;">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Melting Point</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">1725℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></td><td width="310" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"></span>&nbsp;3-220mm, customized upon request<span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness<br/></span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Customized upon request</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Czochralski, HEM</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Conduction Type</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Semi-insulating, xx-doped (be customized)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Polishing</span></span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"></span><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Epi-polished, RMS&lt;0.5nm, or</span><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"></span></p><p style="line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">optical ponished</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Parallelism</span></p></td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">15 arcsec</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;">S/D</td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p style="margin-top: auto; margin-bottom: auto; line-height: 24px;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">20/10 scratch/dig</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="171" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); word-break: break-all;">Package</td><td width="317" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-color: initial; border-bottom-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Class 100 clean bag, in single wafer containers, under a nitrogen atmosphere.</span></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(79) "<p>Diameter: 3-220mm</p><p>Thickness: 1-80mm</p><p>Customized upon request.</p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(603) "<p>Rapid progress in β-gallium oxide (β-Ga2O3) material and device technologies has been made in this decade, and its superior material properties based on the very large bandgap of over 4.5 eV have been attracting much attention.</p><p>β-Ga2O3 appears particularly promising for power switching device applications because of its extremely large breakdown electric field and availability of large-diameter, high-quality wafers manufactured from melt-grown bulk single crystals.&nbsp;</p><p>CCT provides high-quality Ga2O3 substrate/wafers which can be customized upon the customer&#39;s request.</p>"
    ["cate_id"] => string(2) "12"
    ["cateid_extend"] => NULL
    ["brand_id"] => NULL
    ["pic_id"] => string(0) ""
    ["banner_id"] => string(0) ""
    ["file_id"] => NULL
    ["doc_id"] => string(2) "71"
    ["is_hot"] => string(1) "0"
    ["is_jp"] => string(1) "0"
    ["is_rec"] => string(1) "0"
    ["tag"] => NULL
    ["sort"] => string(4) "2200"
    ["create_time"] => string(10) "1659518732"
    ["update_time"] => string(10) "1659518732"
    ["status"] => string(1) "1"
    ["meta_title"] => string(21) "Gallium Oxide (Ga2O3)"
    ["meta_key"] => string(78) "forth generation semiconductor, ultra-wide band gap (UWBG), China manufacturer"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(225) "β-gallium oxide possesses a very large bandgap of over 4.5 eV.
It is promising for power switching and easy to get large-diameter, high-quality wafers. 
CCT provides high-quality Ga2O3 substrate/wafers and epitaxial films."
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(76) "Extremely large breakdown electric field and availability of large-diameter."
  }
  [1] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "53"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "GaN"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(232) "It has broad application potential and good market prospects in the fields of high-brightness blue, green, purple and white light diodes, blue and purple lasers, and anti-radiation, high-temperature and high-power microwave devices."
    ["content"] => string(18019) "<table cellspacing="0" width="712" data-sort="sortDisabled"><tbody><tr style="height:15px" class="firstRow"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Type</span></p></td><td width="356" valign="center" colspan="4" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">Free Standing GaN Substrate</span></p></td><td width="224" valign="center" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">GaN on Al</span><sub><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px;vertical-align:sub">2</span></sub><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">O</span><sub><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px;vertical-align:sub">3</span></sub></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">Composite Substrate</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Item No.</span></p></td><td width="88" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">F</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">R</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-U-10</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">10</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">FR-U-1015</span></p></td><td width="79" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">F</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">R</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">N</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-10</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">10</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">FR-N-1015</span></p></td><td width="106" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">F</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">R</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">SI</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">1010</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">F</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">R</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">SI</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">-</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">1015</span></p></td><td width="83" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">FR-U-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">50</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">FR-N-50</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">FR-SI-50</span></p></td><td width="89" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">FR-U-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">100</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">FR-N-100</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">&nbsp;</span></p></td><td width="135" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">GaN-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">CP</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">-U-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">50S </span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">GaN-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">CP</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">-U-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">100S</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">GaN-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">CP</span><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">-</span><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">N</span><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">50S </span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">GaN-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">CP</span><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">-</span><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">N</span><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">-</span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">100S</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted;"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Dimensions</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted;"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">10.0×10.5mm</span><sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">2</span></sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">, </span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">10.0×15mm</span><sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">2</span></sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">, </span><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">Φ50.8mm, Φ100mm, customized</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:4px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted;"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Thickness</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted;"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">300 ± 25 µm</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">, </span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">350 ± 25 µm</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">, </span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">400 ± 25 µm</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">, customized</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">entation</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">C-axis(0001) ± 0.</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">2</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">5°</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted;"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">TTV</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted;"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">≤15 µm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">BOW</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">≤20 µm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Conduction Type</span></p></td><td width="88" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">N-type</span></p></td><td width="79" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">N-type</span></p></td><td width="106" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Semi-Insulating</span></p></td><td valign="center" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);" rowspan="2"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Be customized as the left items.</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Resistivity(300K)</span></p></td><td width="88" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">&lt;0.5 Ω·cm</span></p></td><td width="79" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">&lt;0.</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">0</span><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">5 Ω·cm</span></p></td><td width="106" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">&gt;10</span><sup><span style="font-family:Arial;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">6</span></sup><span style=";font-family:Arial;font-size:14px">&nbsp;Ω·cm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Dislocation Density</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">From 1 x 10</span><sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">5</span></sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">&nbsp;to 3 x 106 cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">-2</span></sup></p></td></tr><tr style="height:22px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Useable Surface Area</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">&gt; 90%</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Polishing</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; border-bottom-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Front Surface: Ra &lt; 0.2nm. Epi-ready</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Back Surface: Fine ground.</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:15px"><td width="132" valign="center" style="padding: 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-right-style: dotted; border-top-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Package</span></p></td><td width="580" valign="center" colspan="6" style="padding: 0px 0px 0px 4px; border-width: 1px; border-left-style: dotted; border-color: rgb(0, 0, 0); border-top-style: dotted; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><p style="text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph"><span style="font-family: Arial;font-size: 14px">Class 100 clean bag, in single wafer containers, under a nitrogen atmosphere.</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(846) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimensions</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="text-align: justify; font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">10.0×10.5mm</span><sup style="text-align: justify; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: super;">2</span></sup><span style="text-align: justify; font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">,&nbsp;</span><span style="text-align: justify; font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">10.0×15mm</span><sup style="text-align: justify; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: super;">2</span></sup><span style="text-align: justify; font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">,&nbsp;</span><span style="text-align: justify; font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Φ50.8mm, Φ100mm, customized</span></span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(761) "<p style="white-space: normal;">Gallium nitride belongs to the third generation of semiconductor material with hexagonal wurtzite structure. It has the characteristics of large forbidden band width, high thermal conductivity, high temperature resistance, radiation resistance, acid and alkali resistance, high strength and high hardness. It has broad application potential and good market prospects in the fields of high-brightness blue, green, purple and white light diodes, blue and purple lasers, and anti-radiation, high-temperature and high-power microwave devices.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p style="white-space: normal;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality gallium nitride (GaN)&nbsp;crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(39) "GaN (Gallium Nitride) crystal substrate"
    ["meta_key"] => string(151) "free standing, 3rd generation, 4th generation, substrat, wafer, 5G communication, 5G network, 5G technology, wireless charching, electric car, supplier"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Gallium nitride belongs to the third generation of semiconductor material with hexagonal wurtzite structure. It has the characteristics of large forbidden band width, high thermal conductivity, high temperature resistance, radiation resistance, acid and a"
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    ["id"] => string(2) "49"
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    ["title"] => string(19) "SiC(6H-SiC,4H-SiC )"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(356) "N-type silicon carbide substrate material is an essential material to support the development of the power electronics industry. 
High-power high-frequency electronic devices, electric vehicle PCU, photovoltaic inverter, rail transit power control system and other fields.
Play a role of reducing volume simplification system and improving power density."
    ["content"] => string(16812) "<table data-sort="sortDisabled" width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Growth Method</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Seed crystal sublimation method, PVT (Physical gas phase transfer)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Hexagonal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">a=3.08 Å, c=15.08 Å &nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Marshalling Sequence</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">ABCACB(6H),</span><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;color:rgb(68,68,68);font-size:14px;background:rgb(255,255,255)">&nbsp;ABCBABCB(4H)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Band gap</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">2.93 eV </span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Mohs</span><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">&nbsp;Hardness</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">9.2 </span><span style="font-family:宋体;font-size:14px">(</span><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">mohs)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Thermal Conductivity</span><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">&nbsp;@300K</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">5 (W/ cmK)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Dielectric Constant</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">e(11)=e(22)=9.66 &nbsp;e(33)=10.33</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Conductor Type</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="204" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">I</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="204" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">N</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Dopant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Undoped</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Vanadium</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="204" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Nitrogen</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Resistivity <span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">ohm.cm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">˃ 1 x 10</span><sup><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">7</span></sup></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">˃ 1 x 10</span><sup><span style="font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px;vertical-align:super">5</span></sup></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="204" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">0.01-0.2</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:11px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" rowspan="2" colspan="1" width="187" valign="middle" align="left"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Dimension</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">5x5mm<span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">10x10mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">15x15mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">20x20mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:10px"><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Ø50.8, Ø100 mm, Ø150mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Thickness</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">0.33/0.35/0.5mm,</span></p><p><span style="font-family:Times New Roman"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Customize upon request.</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Polishing </span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Orientation</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">&lt;0001&gt;or &nbsp;&lt;0001&gt;off 4.0º<!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">2°<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: &#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size: 14px">Ra&lt;5Å<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:Times New Roman">5×5μm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Package</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style=";font-family:&#39;Times New Roman&#39;;font-size:14px">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(426) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">5x5mm,10x10mm,15x15mm,20x20mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ø50.8, Ø100 mm, Ø150mm<br/></span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>0.33/0.35/0.5mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Customize upon request.</span></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(804) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N-type silicon carbide substrate material is an essential material to support the development of the power electronics industry. Its outstanding physical characteristics such as high-pressure resistance and high-frequency resistance can be widely used in high-power high-frequency electronic devices, electric vehicle PCU, photovoltaic inverter, rail transit power control system and other fields, and can play a role of reducing volume simplification system and improving power density.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality SiC(Silicon Carbide) crystal substrate&nbsp;which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></p>"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2202"
    ["create_time"] => string(10) "1659509368"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(38) "SiC(Silicon Carbide) crystal substrate"
    ["meta_key"] => string(170) "SiC crystal, silicon carbide, 3rd generation, 4th generation, free standing substrat, wafer, 5G communication, 5G network, 5G technology, wireless charching, electric car"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(243) "N-type silicon carbide substrate material is an essential material for the power electronics industry. Its outstanding  high-pressure resistance and high-frequency resistance can be widely used in  high-power high-frequency electronic devices."
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(107) "It has outstanding physical characteristics such as high-pressure resistance and high-frequency resistance."
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  [3] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "48"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "ZnO"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(351) "Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a good substrate for GaN thin film.
A luminescent material for ultraviolet and visible light. 
Be used in energy limiters with high peak energy,.
GaN substrates with large size and high quality.
Wireless communications which beyond 5GHz.
High electric field equipment, high temperature and high energy electronic devices etc."
    ["content"] => string(13356) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Hexagonal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=3.252Å &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;c=5.313 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:13px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5.7<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">g/cm</span></span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method </span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Hydrothermal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mhos Hardness </span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">4<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">mohs</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melting Point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1975℃</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:11px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Expansion </span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">//a 6.5 x 10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;/K &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;//c 3.7 x 10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;/K</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Heat Capacity</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.125 cal /gm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal-Electric Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1200 mv/K@ 300 ℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Conductivity</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.006 cal/cmK</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Transmittance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.4-0.6 um &gt; 50% at 2mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;0001&gt;<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">&lt;11-20&gt;<!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--></span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">&lt;10-10&gt;±0.5º<!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--></span><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">D</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">imension</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">25×25×0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×10×0.5mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×5×0.5mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">5×5×0.5mm</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Ra&lt;5Å<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">5×5μm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Atomic Particle Microscopy (AFM) test report can be provided.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="381" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class&nbsp;100&nbsp;clean bag,&nbsp;Class&nbsp;1000&nbsp;super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(238) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">25×25×0.5mm、10×10×0.5mm、10×5×0.5mm、5×5×0.5mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Customized upon request.</span></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(2685) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a good substrate </span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">for </span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">GaN thin film</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">. It&nbsp;has </span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">large&nbsp;exciton&nbsp;binding&nbsp;energy&nbsp;of&nbsp;60&nbsp;meV</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">and a bandwidth of 3.73 eV at room temperature, making it a luminescent material for ultraviolet and visible light.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">D</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">ue to the transparency in the visible region</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;the large electrome</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">-</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">chanical coupling coefficient</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;and the properties of </span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">adsorption</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;and desorption</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;of gas molecules on its surface</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">, i</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">t is expected to be used in energy limiters with high peak energy, GaN substrates</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;with large size and high quality</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">, and wireless communications</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;which beyond 5GHz in the future,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">&nbsp;high electric field equipment, high temperature and high energy electronic devices etc.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality Zinc Oxide (ZnO) crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p>"
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    ["file_id"] => NULL
    ["doc_id"] => string(2) "46"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2203"
    ["create_time"] => string(10) "1657449755"
    ["update_time"] => string(10) "1657449755"
    ["status"] => string(1) "1"
    ["meta_title"] => string(40) "Zinc oxide (ZnO) crystal substrate/wafer"
    ["meta_key"] => string(38) "wireless communication,5GHz,gas sensor"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Zinc oxide (ZnO) is good substrate for GaN thin film. A luminescent material for ultraviolet and visible light. Adsorption and desorption of gas molecules on its surface, be used in energy limiters with high peak energy,  wireless communications which bey"
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(234) "Large exciton binding energy of 60 meV and a bandwidth of 3.73 eV at room temperature;
Transparent in visible region, and has large electrome-chanical coupling coefficient and can adsorb and desorb gas molecules on its surface."
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  [4] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "52"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(5) "Al2O3"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(580) "Sapphire (as known as white sapphire, molecular formula Al2O3) single crystal is an excellent multifunctional material. 
Used in many fields of industry, national defense and scientific research (such as high-temperature infrared windows, etc.. 
Used single crystal substrate material, and it is the first choice for the blue, violet, and white light emitting diode (LED) and blue laser (LD) industries. 
An important superconducting film substrate. 
Making Y-series, La-series and other high-temperature superconducting films.
GGrow new practical MgB2 superconducting films."
    ["content"] => string(23570) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Hexagonal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=4.748Å, c=12.97Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density </span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">3.98 (g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melt Point</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2040℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Czochralski, Kyropoulos </span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">9<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">mohs</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Refractive Index</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p style="text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">300K<span style="font-family: 宋体;">, &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">∥c</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">,<span style="font-family: " times="" new="">1.762 @630nm</span></span></span></p><p style="text-indent: 71px"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">⊥</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">c<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">1.770 @630nm</span></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Expansion </span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5.8 ×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">/K</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:7px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Conductivity<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">W/mK)</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td><td width="198" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">⊥</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">c</span></span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">//c</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:7px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><br/></td><td width="198" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">23℃, 55</span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">26℃,&nbsp;60</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:7px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><br/></td><td width="198" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">77℃&nbsp;,40</span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">70℃,&nbsp;41</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:9px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p style="text-indent: 0"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Loss Tangent at 293K</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-4</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(<span style="font-family: " times="" new="">1MHz</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dielectric Constant at 10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">-10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">9</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Hz @25℃</span></span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p style="margin-left: 24px;text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">∥</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">c<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">11.5</span></span></span></p><p style="margin-left: 24px;text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">⊥</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">c<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">9.3</span></span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Transmittance</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">80<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">%</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">@ 400~4000nm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td width="116" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">A-plane</span></p></td><td width="82" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;11-20&gt;<!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--></span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2.379 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><br/></td><td width="116" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">R-plane</span></p></td><td width="82" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;1-102&gt;<!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--></span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1.740 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><br/></td><td width="116" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">M-plane</span></p></td><td width="82" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;10-10&gt;<!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--></span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1.375 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><br/></td><td width="116" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">C-plane</span></p></td><td width="82" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;0001&gt;<!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--></span></p></td><td width="107" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2.165 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystallographic Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Regular Size and Tolerance</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">10×3mm,10×5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×10mm,15×15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">20×15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">20×20mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Regular Thickness and Tolerance </span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Ra&lt;5Å<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">5×5μm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="262" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td width="306" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(1654) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Orientation<span style="white-space: pre;"></span>A-plane<span style="white-space: pre;"></span>&lt;11-20&gt;<span style="white-space: pre;"></span>2.379 Å<!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>R-plane<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>&lt;1-102&gt;<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>1.740 Å<!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>M-plane<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>&lt;10-10&gt;<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>1.375 Å<!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>C-plane<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>&lt;0001&gt;<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>2.165 Å<!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Crystallographic Orientation Tolerance<span style="font-size: 14px; white-space: pre;"></span>±0.5°</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Regular Size</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10×3mm,10×5mm,10×10mm,15×15mm,20×15mm,20×20mm</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Regular Thickness</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1466) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Sapphire (as known as white sapphire, molecular formula Al</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">3</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">) single crystal is an excellent multifunctional material. It has high temperature resistance, good thermal conductivity, high hardness, infrared transmission and good chemical stability. It is widely used in many fields of industry, national defense and scientific research (such as high-temperature infrared windows, etc.). At the same time, it is also a widely used single crystal substrate material, and it is the first choice for the blue, violet, and white light emitting diode (LED) and blue laser (LD) industries. And it is also an important superconducting film substrate. In addition to making Y-series, La-series and other high-temperature superconducting films, it can also be used to grow new practical MgB</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2 </span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">superconducting films.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&nbsp;CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality lithium sapphire(Al2O3) crystal/wafer which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(34) "Sapphire substrate (Al2O3) crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(65) "Sapphire substrate, Al2O3 substrate, dielectric loss,Loss Tangent"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Sapphire (white sapphire, Al2O3) single crystal is an excellent multifunctional material. High temperature resistance, good thermal conductivity, high hardness, infrared transmission, good chemical stability. National defense and scientific research (high"
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    ["feature"] => string(128) "It has high temperature resistance, good thermal conductivity, high hardness, infrared transmission and good chemical stability."
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  [5] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "50"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "MgO"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(157) "MgO are used in many thin film technology fields:
▪ Magnetic films
▪ Semiconductor films
▪ Optical films
▪ High-temperature superconducting films"
    ["content"] => string(11544) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Special Arc Melting</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Cub<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ic</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">a=4.130 Å &nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Melting Point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">2800℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Purity</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">99.95%</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">3.58<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">(</span>g/cm<sup>3</sup><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Mohs H<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ardness</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">5.5<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>mohs<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">11.2x10<sup>-6</sup>/K</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Cleavage Plane</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">&lt;100&gt;<!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Transmittance</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">&gt;90%<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>200~1000nm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dielectric Constants</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">ε= 9.65</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thermal Conductivity</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">36&nbsp;W/mk @&nbsp;300°K</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 11px;"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">D<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">i</span>mension</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">5x5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>10x10mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>20x20mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">3</span>0x30mm ,Ø50.8 mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">T<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">hickness</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span>1.0mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">P<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">olishing</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">&lt;001&gt;,&lt;110&gt;,&lt;111&gt;<!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--><!--111--><!--110--><!--001--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">2°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>Special requirements can reach within 1°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ra≤5Å<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span>5×5µm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">))</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">P<span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ackage</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(347) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">5x5mm,10x10mm,20x20mm,30x30mm , Ø50.8 mm</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p><p><br/></p><p><br/></p><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(997) "<p><span style="font-size: 16px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Magnesium oxide (MgO) single crystal substrates are widely used in many thin film technology fields. Such as the production of magnetic films, semiconductor films, optical films and high-temperature superconducting films. Because the dielectric constant and loss of MgO single crystal in the microwave band are very small, and large-area substrates (2 inches in diameter and larger) can be obtained, it is an important high-temperature superconducting thin-film single crystal substrate for the current industrialization. one. It can be used to make high-temperature superconducting microwave filters and other devices required by mobile communication equipment, and has a large realistic and potential application market.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 16px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality magnesium oxide (MgO)&nbsp;crystal upon request of clients.</span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(47) "Magnesium oxide (MgO) crystal, substrate, wafer"
    ["meta_key"] => string(110) "MgO, single crystal, substrate, wafer, magnesioum oxide, semiconductor films, high-temperature superconducting"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(247) "Magnesium oxide (MgO) is widely used in the production of magnetic films, semiconductor films, optical films, and high-temperature superconducting films. Its high curie temperature makes it suitable in many high temperature applications(Tc=360℃)"
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    ["feature"] => string(169) "The dielectric constant and loss of MgO single crystal in the microwave band are very small, and large-area substrates (2 inches in diameter and larger) can be obtained."
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  [6] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "55"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(7) "MgAl2O4"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(336) "Magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4) can be used as the substrate substrate of III-V nitride device thin film, and is also widely used in acoustic wave and microwave devices and fast IC epitaxial substrates.  
It can be used as a high-quality insulating lining for ultra-high-speed large-scale integrated circuits One of the bottom materials."
    ["content"] => string(11729) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Czochralski</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Cub</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ic</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=8.085Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melting Point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2130℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">3.64&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">(</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">g/cm</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">8 (mohs)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Color</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">White transparent</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 11px;"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thermal Expansion</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">7.45×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-6</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;/K</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 11px;"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">D</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">i</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">mension</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">10x3mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">10x5mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">10x10mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">15x15mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">20x15mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">20x20mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 10px;"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><br/></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Ф1″<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">Ф2″,</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thickness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;100&gt;<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">&lt;110&gt;<!--110--><!--110--><!--110--><!--110--></span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">&lt;111&gt;±0.5º<!--111--><!--111--><!--111--><!--111--></span><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2°<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Bevel Wafer</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to specific requirements, wafers with edge-oriented crystal planes inclined at a specific angle (inclination angle 1°-45°) can be processed.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Ra≤5Å<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">5×5µm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left: none;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(389) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10x3mm,10x5mm,10x10mm,15x15mm,20x15mm,20x20mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ф1″,Ф2″</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness<span style="white-space: pre;"></span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1224) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Magnesium aluminate (MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">4</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">) can be used as the substrate substrate of III-V nitride device thin film, and is also widely used in acoustic wave and microwave devices and fast IC epitaxial substrates. In addition, it has a good lattice matching with epitaxial silicon thin layer. The self-doping of aluminum atoms in the epitaxial silicon thin layer is small, the thermal stability is good, and the expansion coefficient of silicon is relatively close, the hardness is small, the processing performance is better, etc., so it can be used as a high-quality insulating lining for ultra-high-speed large-scale integrated circuits One of the bottom materials. At present, we can provide twin-free, crystal-domain-free, and ultra-smooth high-quality substrate substrates with a maximum diameter of 2 inches (FWHM&lt;50 arcsec, roughness Ra&lt;0.5 nm).</span></span></p><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2206"
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    ["status"] => string(1) "1"
    ["meta_title"] => string(37) "Magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4) crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(97) "Magnesium aluminate,MgAl2O4),III-V nitride device,acoustic wave,microwave device,lattice matching"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4) can be used as the substrate of III-V nitride device thin film, and is also widely used in acoustic wave and microwave devices and fast IC epitaxial substrates. In addition, it has a good lattice matching with epitaxial silic"
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    ["feature"] => string(334) "Magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4)  has a good lattice matching with epitaxial silicon thin layer. 
The self-doping of aluminum atoms in the epitaxial silicon thin layer is small, the thermal stability is good, and the expansion coefficient of silicon is relatively close, the hardness is small, the processing performance is better, etc."
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  [7] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "54"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(8) "MgAl6O10"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(54) "A substrate material for GaN and ZnO epitaxial growth."
    ["content"] => string(22276) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Hexagonal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">a=4.748Å, c=12.97Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Density </span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">3.98 (g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Melt Point</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">2040</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Growth Method</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Czochralski, Kyropoulos </span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">9<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">mohs</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: medium 1px 1px; border-color: currentcolor windowtext windowtext; border-top: medium none; word-break: break-all;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Refractive Index</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p style="text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">300K<span style="font-family:宋体">, &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">∥</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">c</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">,<span style="font-family:微软雅黑">1.762 @630nm</span></span></p><p style="text-indent: 71px"><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">⊥</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">c<span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">1.770 @630nm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Thermal Expansion </span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">5.8 ×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">-6</span></sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">/K</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:7px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Thermal Conductivity<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">W/mK)</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="198" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">⊥</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">c</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">//c</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:7px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><br/></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="198" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">23</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">℃, </span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">55</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">26</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">℃,</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&nbsp;60</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:7px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><br/></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="198" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">77</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">℃</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&nbsp;,40</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">70</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">℃,</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&nbsp;41</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:9px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p style="text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Loss Tangent at 293K</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">1×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">-4</span></sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">(<span style="font-family:微软雅黑">1MHz</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Dielectric Constant at 10</span><sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">-10</span><sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px;vertical-align: super">9</span></sup><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Hz @25</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">℃</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p style="margin-left: 24px;text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">∥</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">c<span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">11.5</span></span></p><p style="margin-left: 24px;text-indent: 0"><span style="font-family: 宋体;font-size: 14px">⊥</span><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">c<span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">9.3</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Transmittance</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">80<span style="font-family:宋体">%</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">@ 400~4000nm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="116" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">A-plane</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="82" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&lt;11-20&gt;<!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--><!--11-20--></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">2.379 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><br/></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="116" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">R-plane</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="82" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&lt;1-102&gt;<!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--><!--1-102--></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">1.740 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><br/></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="116" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">M-plane</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="82" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&lt;10-10&gt;<!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--><!--10-10--></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">1.375 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:5px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><br/></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="116" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">C-plane</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="82" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">&lt;0001&gt;<!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--><!--0001--></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">2.165 Å</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Crystallographic Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Regular Size</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">10×3mm,10×5mm<span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">10×10mm,15×15mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">20×15mm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">20×20mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Regular Thickness</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">0.5mm<span style="font-family:宋体">,</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Polishing</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Ra&lt;5Å<span style="font-family:宋体">(</span><span style="font-family:微软雅黑">5×5μm</span><span style="font-family:宋体">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="262" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Package</span></p></td><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="306" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: 微软雅黑;font-size: 14px">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(291) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Regular Size</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10×3mm,10×5mm,10×10mm,15×15mm,20×15mm,20×20mm</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Regular Thickness</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(2737) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">6</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">10</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;single crystal is a new substrate material for GaN and ZnO epitaxial growth. MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">6</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">10</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;single crystal belongs to cubic system, the space group is fd-3m (227), the cell parameter a = 7.9780 Å, and its density is 3.585g/cm3. Compared with MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">4</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;crystal, MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">6</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">10</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;single crystal has smaller thermal expansion mismatch and lattice mismatch with GaN. The thermal expansion mismatch with GaN&nbsp;is 2.2 × 10 − 6 K − 1, lattice mismatch is − 11.5%. In addition, MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">6</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">10</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;single crystal is easier to grow large-size and high-quality crystals because its melting point is lower than that of MgAl</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">4</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;crystal. Experiments show that the luminescence performance of GaN and ZnO devices prepared on <span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">MgAl</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">6</span></sub><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">O</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">10</span></sub><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;</span>single crystal substrate is better than that of sapphire.</span></span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(16) "MgAl6O10 crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(86) "MgAl6O10,crystal substrate, GaN substrate,thermal expansion mismatch, lattice mismatch"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(253) "MgAl6O10 single crystal is a new substrate material for GaN and ZnO epitaxial growth. Has smaller thermal expansion mismatch and lattice mismatch with GaN than MgAl2O4. Luminescence performance of GaN and ZnO on MgAl6O10 is better than that of sapphire."
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(423) "Compared with MgAl2O4 crystal, MgAl6O10 single crystal has smaller thermal expansion mismatch and lattice mismatch with GaN.
MgAl6O10 single crystal is easier to grow large-size and high-quality crystals because its melting point is lower than that of MgAl2O4 crystal.
Experiments show that the luminescence performance of GaN and ZnO devices prepared on MgAl6O10 single crystal substrate is better than that of sapphire."
  }
  [8] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "51"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(6) "LiAlO2"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(241) "LiAlO2 (Lithium Aluminate) crystal is the most important substrate for the high-temperature superconducting thin film. 
Can be used as substrate for III-V nitride thin films
LiAlO2 crystal can replace ZnO and sapphire as optical substrate."
    ["content"] => string(13472) "<table width="595" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Tetragonal</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=5.17 A &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;c=6.26 A</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melting Point</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1900℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2.62<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">g/cm</span></span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mohs Hardness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">7.5<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">mohs</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Mismatch Rate with GaN&lt;001&gt;<!--001--><!--001--><!--001--><!--001--></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1.4%</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:11px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">D</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">i</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">mension</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&nbsp;</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">10x3mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10x5mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10x10mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">15x15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">20x15mm</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">20x20mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:10px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><br/></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Ф15,Ф20<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">Ф1″</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">Ф2″,Ф2.6″</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thickness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">100</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">></span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;"><</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">001&gt;</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2°<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Bevel Wafer</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to specific requirements, wafers with edge-oriented crystal planes inclined at a specific angle (inclination angle 1°-45°) can be processed.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Ra≤5Å<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="">5×5µm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="187" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="408" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(371) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10x3mm,10x5mm,10x10mm,15x15mm,20x15mm,20x20mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Ф15,Ф20,Ф1″,Ф2″,Ф2.6″</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1453) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">LiAlO</span><sub><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;(Lithium Aluminate) crystal is the most important substrate for the high-temperature superconducting thin film. It matches very well with high temperatures superconducting materials such as YBaCuO and has the characteristics of low dielectric constant and low microwave loss. &nbsp;LiAlO2&nbsp;is a potential substrate for III-V nitride thin films due to its excellent lattice mismatch to GaN, chemical stability at high&nbsp;temperature and cost effective than ZnO.&nbsp;LiAlO2 crystal can replace ZnO and sapphire as optical substrate. Lithium Aluminate (LiAlO2 ) single crystal has a lower lattice mismatch with GaN crystal to be an excellent substrate for GaN film.</span></span></p><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality&nbsp;<span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">LaAlO</span><sub style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px; vertical-align: sub;">2</span></sub><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;(Lithium Aluminate) crystal</span> which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(35) "Lithium Aluminate (LiAlO2) crystal,"
    ["meta_key"] => string(88) "LiAlO2,Lithium Aluminate, matches with YBaCuO,low dielectric constant,low microwave loss"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "LiAlO2 (Lithium Aluminate) crystal is the most important substrate for the high-temperature superconducting thin film. It matches very well with YBaCuO and has low dielectric constant and low microwave loss.  Excellent lattice mismatch to GaN, chemical st"
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    ["feature"] => string(365) "It matches very well with high temperatures superconducting materials such as YBaCuO and has the characteristics of low dielectric constant and low microwave loss.
Chemical stability at high temperature and cost effective than ZnO.
Lithium Aluminate (LiAlO2 ) single crystal has a lower lattice mismatch with GaN crystal to be an excellent substrate for GaN film."
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  [9] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "65"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(2) "Ge"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(162) "The high-quality Ge substrates can be used in concentrated photovoltaic(CPV), outer-space solar-cell panel and high-bright light-emitting diode(LED) applications."
    ["content"] => string(14757) "<table cellspacing="0" width="595"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Growth Method</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Czochralski</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Cubic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Lattice Constant</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">a=5.65754 Å &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Density</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">5.323(g/cm</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Melt Point</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">937.4℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Doping Element</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">no</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Sb</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Ga</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Type</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">/</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">P</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Resistivity</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体;">></span><span times="" new="">35Ωcm</span></span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p style="text-indent: 28px;"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.01~35 Ωcm</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.05~35 Ωcm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">EPD</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:=""><span style="font-family: 宋体;"><</span><span times="" new="">4×10</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">∕cm2</span></span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:=""><span style="font-family: 宋体;"><</span><span times="" new="">4×10</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">∕cm2</span></span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:=""><span style="font-family: 宋体;"><</span><span times="" new="">4×10</span></span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">∕cm2</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 11px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">10x3mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">10x5mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">10x10mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">15x15mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">20x15mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">20x20mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 10px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><br/></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia50.8 mm ,dia76.2mm, Dia100 mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Thickness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">,</span><span times="" new="">1.0mm</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;100&gt;<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">&lt;110&gt;<!--110--><!--110--></span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">&lt;111&gt;<!--111--><!--111--></span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">±0.5º</span><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Plane Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2°<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">Special requirements can reach within 1°</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Bevel Wafer</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to specific requirements, wafers with edge-oriented crystal planes inclined at a specific angle (inclination angle 1°-45°) can be processed.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Ra≤5Å<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span><span times="" new="">5×5µm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">)</span></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top: none; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(721) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">10x3mm,10x5mm,10x10mm,15x15mm,20x15mm,20x20mm,</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-family: Helvetica; letter-spacing: 0px;">Ø</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">50.8 mm</span><span times="" new="">,&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: Helvetica; letter-spacing: 0px;">Ø</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">76.2mm,&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: Helvetica; letter-spacing: 0px;">Ø</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">100 mm</span></span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">0.5mm,1.0mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1096) "<p style="white-space: normal; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Germanium has good semiconductor properties. High-purity germanium is doped with trivalent elements (such as indium, gallium, boron) to obtain P-type germanium semiconductors, and pentavalent elements (such as antimony, arsenic, and phosphorus) are doped to obtain N-type germanium semiconductors. They have high electron mobility and high hole mobility.</span></p><p style="white-space: normal; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;">Ge substrates can be used in concentrated&nbsp;photovoltaic(CPV), outer-space solar-cell panel and high-bright light-emitting diode(LED) applications.&nbsp;</span></p><p style="white-space: normal; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality <span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">Germanium(Ge)</span>&nbsp;crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p>"
    ["cate_id"] => string(2) "12"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2401"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(23) "Germanium (Ge) crystala"
    ["meta_key"] => string(44) "Germanium crystal, Ge Crystal, p-type,n-type"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Germanium has high-purity germanium is doped with trivalent elements (indium, gallium, boron etc.) to obtain P-type germanium semiconductors, and pentavalent elements (antimony, arsenic, and phosphorus etc.) to obtain N-type. They have high electron mobil"
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    ["feature"] => string(222) "Germanium is doped with trivalent elements to obtain P-type germanium semiconductors, and doped with  pentavalent elements to obtain N-type germanium semiconductors. They have high electron mobility and high hole mobility."
  }
  [10] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "66"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(2) "Si"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(164) "Crystalline silicon material is the most important photovoltaic material, and it will still be the mainstream material of solar cells for a long time in the future."
    ["content"] => string(16613) "<table cellspacing="0" width="595"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Crystal Structure</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Cubic</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Melting Point</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1420℃</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Density</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2.4<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 4px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dopant</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Undoped</span></p></td><td width="128" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Boron</span></p></td><td width="144" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Phosphorus</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 3px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Conduction Type</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">I</span></p></td><td width="128" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">P</span></p></td><td width="144" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">N</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 3px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Resistivity</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="margin-left: 24px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1000Ωcm</span></p></td><td width="128" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">~1000Ωcm</span></p></td><td width="144" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">~1000Ωcm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 3px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">EPD</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤100∕cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sup></p></td><td width="128" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤100∕cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sup></p></td><td width="144" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤100∕cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sup></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 3px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Oxygen Content<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>∕cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤1~1.8×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></p></td><td width="128" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤1~1.8×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></p></td><td width="144" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤1~1.8×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 3px;"><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Carbon Content<span style="font-family: 宋体;">(</span>∕cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></p></td><td width="136" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤5×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">16</span></sup></p></td><td width="128" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-indent: 28px; text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤5×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">16</span></sup></p></td><td width="144" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">≤5×10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">16</span></sup></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dimension</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5x5mm ,10×10mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">,</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;20×20mm</span></p><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Ø50.8mm, Ø76.2mm, Ø100mm</span></p><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Thickness</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span>1.0mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dimension Tolerance</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;±0.1mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Thickness</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;Tolerance</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;±0.025mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Polishing</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Orientation Tolerance</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">±0.5°</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Edge Orientation Accuracy</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2°&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">(</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Special requirements can reach within 1°)</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Orientation</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;100&gt;<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span>&lt;110&gt;<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span>&lt;111&gt;<!--111--><!--110--><!--100--><!--111--><!--110--><!--100--><!--111--><!--110--><!--100--></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Package</span></p></td><td width="408" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(1104) "<p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">5x5mm ,10×10mm, 20×20mm; Ø50.8mm, Ø76.2mm, Ø100mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"></span>0.5mm、1.0mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><br/></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension Tolerance<span style="white-space: pre;"></span></span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">&lt;±0.1mm</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Thickness Tolerance</span></p><p style="white-space: normal;"><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"></span>&lt;±0.025mm</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(782) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">Crystalline silicon material is the most important photovoltaic material, and its properties are gray black with metallic luster, high melting point (1410&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify;">℃</span><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: Helvetica;">), high hardness, brittleness and inactive chemical properties at room temperature. Its market share is more than 90%, and it will still be the mainstream material of solar cells for a long time in the future.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; text-align: justify; font-family: Helvetica;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality silicon wafers which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(28) "Crystalline silicon material"
    ["meta_key"] => string(41) "photovoltaic material,high melting point,"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(241) "Crystalline silicon material is the most important photovoltaic material, and its properties are gray black with metallic luster, high melting point (1410 ℃), high hardness, brittleness and inactive chemical properties at room temperature."
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    ["feature"] => string(80) "High hardness, brittleness and inactive chemical properties at room temperature."
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  [11] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "67"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(4) "GaAs"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(306) "Gallium arsenide(GaAs) can be used to make microwave integrated circuits, infrared light-emitting diodes, semiconductor lasers and solar cells. GaAs is often used as the base material for the epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductors, including indium gallium arsenide, aluminum gallium arsenide, and so on."
    ["content"] => string(11777) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext; word-break: break-all;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">Single&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">C</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">rystal</span></span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">D</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">oping</span></span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Conductivity Type</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Carrier Concentration (cm</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-3</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Dislocation Density (cm</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-2</span></sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">G</span><span times="" new="" font-size:="">rowth Method</span></span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Standard Substrate</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 4px;"><td width="81" valign="top" rowspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">GaAs</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">None</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Si</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">/</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" rowspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&lt;5×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">5</span></sup></span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" rowspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">LEC</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">HB</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia3″</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" rowspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia3″×0.5</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia2″×0.5</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 4px;"><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Si</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&gt;5×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 4px;"><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Cr</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Si</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">/</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 4px;"><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Fe</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">~2×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></span></p></td></tr><tr style="height: 4px;"><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Zn</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">P</span></p></td><td width="81" valign="top" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span times="" new="" font-size:="">&gt;5×10</span><sup><span times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td width="381" valign="top" colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial; word-break: break-all;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">25×25×0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">10×10×0.5mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">10×5×0.5mm</span><span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span times="" new="">5×5×0.5mm</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td width="381" valign="top" colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span times="" new="" font-size:="">Surface roughness(Ra):&lt;=5Å<br/>Atomic Particle Microscopy (AFM) test report can be provided.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td width="381" valign="top" colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td width="187" valign="top" colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: windowtext;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td width="381" valign="top" colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-top-color: initial; border-right-color: windowtext; border-bottom-color: windowtext; border-left-color: initial;"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br style="white-space: normal;"/></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(526) "<p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; white-space: normal; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">25×25×0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span>10×10×0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span>10×5×0.5mm<span style="font-family: 宋体;">、</span>5×5×0.5mm</span></p><p style="margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; white-space: normal; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size: 14px;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1631) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound synthesized by two elements of gallium and arsenic. It is an important group IIIA and group VA compound semiconductor material.&nbsp;</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">GaAs is a dark gray crystal
with metallic shine. It is widely used in infrared optics, optoand microelectronics.
Doped crystals of gallium arsenide are used in many applications. The properties of a
doped crystal strongly depend on interaction of the doping agent with
the intrinsic defects of the crystal. The <span style="font-size: 14px;">&nbsp;high silicon doped&nbsp;</span>crystals are used in laser diodes,
LEDs, photocathodes and RF generators.&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">GaAs is mostly non-doped i</span><span style="font-size: 14px;">n microelectronic applications. GaAs can be grown by Liquid Encapsulated Czochralski (LEC)
technology, Float Zone (FZ) method, Vertical Gradient Freeze (VGF) and
Horizontal Gradient Freeze (HGF) technology.
It is worth noting that only non-doped semi-insulating GaAs is
used in optics. In low-power CO2
 lasers operating at 9.6-10.6 μm
wavelength, gallium arsenide can be an alternative for zinc selenide
and can be used for lenses and beam splitters. Due to their nonlinear
optic properties, gallium arsenide crystals can be used in therahertz
photonics as THz radiation generators.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality <span style="font-size: 14px;">Gallium arsenide (GaAs)</span> crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></p>"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2403"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(23) "Gallium arsenide (GaAs)"
    ["meta_key"] => string(73) "gallium arsenide, THz radiation generators, THz photonics,infrared optics"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "GaAs is used in infrared optics, optoand microelectronics.  High silicon doped crystals are used in laser diodes, LEDs, photocathodes and RF generators. Non-doped is used in optics. Nonlinear optic properties make it be used in THz photonics as THz radiat"
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(260) "▪ Very high electron mobility.
▪ GaAs cells are relatively insensitive to heat compare to silicon cells. Hence it offers high thermal stability.
▪ Lower noise.
▪ Operates over wide temperature range.
▪ High efficiency and resistance to radiation."
  }
  [12] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "68"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(3) "InP"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(273) "Key materials for the production of InP-based laser diodes (LD), light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and photodetectors in optical communications.
Suitable for high-frequency devices, such as high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) and heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBT)."
    ["content"] => string(27582) "<table cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr style="height:57px" class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="87" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Structure</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="121" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Crystal Orientation</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="">Melting Point </span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">o</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="">C</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="">Density g/cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Forbidden Band Width</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:31px"><td rowspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InP</span></p></td><td rowspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext; word-break: break-all;" width="81" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="">Cub</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px;">ic</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="">,</span></span></p><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" line-height:="" font-size:="">a=5.869 Å</span></p></td><td rowspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="121" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&lt;100&gt;<!--100--><!--100--><!--100--><!--100--></span></p></td><td rowspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1600</span></p></td><td rowspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext; word-break: break-all;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">4.79</span></p></td><td rowspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext; word-break: break-all;" width="107" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">1.344</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:31px"></tr><tr style="height:31px"></tr></tbody></table><table width="633" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td colspan="8" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="633" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><strong><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Parameters</span></strong></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Single Crystal</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dopant</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Conduction Type</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Carrier Concentration</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-3</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Mobility (cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">/V.s)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dislocation density (cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-2</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Standard Substrate</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InP</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">U</span><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">ndoped</span></span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(0.4-2)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">16</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(3.5-4)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.35mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.35mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InP</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">S</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(0.8-3)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></span></p><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(4-6)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(2.0-2.4)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup></span></p><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(1.3-1.6)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="center"><p style="text-indent:14px;text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;3</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">3</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.35mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.35mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InP</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Zn</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">P</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(0.6-2) </span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">18</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">70-90</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">&nbsp;2</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.35mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.35mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InP</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Te</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">7</span></sup><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">-</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">8</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">³</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2000</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">3</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.35mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.35mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia50.8x0.35mm,10×10×0.35mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×5×0.35mm</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="center"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Surface roughness(Ra):&lt;=5&nbsp;Å<br/>Atomic particle microscope ( AFM ) test report can be provided</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(350) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Φ&nbsp;</span>50.8x0.35mm,10×10×0.35mm、10×5×0.35mm</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Customized upon request.</span></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1889) "<p><span style="color: rgb(3, 3, 3); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">As one of the most important compound semiconducto</span><span style="color: rgb(3, 3, 3); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">r materials,&nbsp;Indium&nbsp;phosphide&nbsp;(InP)</span><span style="color: rgb(3, 3, 3); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"> single crystal materials are key materials for the production of InP-based laser diodes (LD), light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and photodetectors in optical communications. These devices realize the emission of information in optical fiber communications, Dissemination, amplification, acceptance and other functions. InP is also very suitable for high-frequency devices, such as high electron mobility transistors (HEMT) and heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBT). Due to its superior characteristics, it is used in optical fiber communication, microwave, millimeter wave, Many high-tech fields such as radiant solar cells and heterojunction transistors. The main growth methods of InP single crystal materials include traditional liquid-sealed Czochralski technology (LEC), improved LEC technology, and gas pressure controlled Czochralski technology (VCZ). /PC-LEC)/Vertical Gradient Solidification Technology (VGF)/Vertical Bridgman Technology (VB), etc.</span></p><p><span style="color: rgb(3, 3, 3); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality <span style="color: rgb(3, 3, 3); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Indium&nbsp;phosphide&nbsp;(InP)&nbsp;</span>crystal which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></p>"
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    ["sort"] => string(4) "2404"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(30) "Indium phosphide (InP) crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(99) "InP-based laser diodes, optical fiber communication,microwave, millimeter wave, radiant solar cells"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(255) "Indium phosphide (InP) crystal are key materials for the production of InP-based laser diodes (LD), light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and photodetectors in optical communications. Be used in optical fiber communication, microwave, millimeter wave, radiant sola"
    ["model"] => string(0) ""
    ["feature"] => string(179) "Indium phosphide (InP) includes phosphorus and indium and is a binary semiconductor. It has a zincblende crystal structure similar to GaAs and almost all the III-V semiconductors."
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  [13] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "70"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(4) "InAs"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(459) "With InAs single crystal substrate, InAsSb/In-AsPSb, InNAsSb and other heterojunction materials can be grown to produce infrared light-emitting devices with wavelengths of 2-14μm.
InAs single crystal substrates can also be used to epitaxially grow AlGaSb superlattice structure materials and mid-infrared quantum cascade laser. 
The infrared devices have good application prospects in gas monitoring, low-loss optical fiber communications and other fields."
    ["content"] => string(20578) "<table width="633" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td colspan="8" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="633" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14px;">Parameters</span></strong></span></p></td></tr><tr><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Single Crystal</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="68" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dopant</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="85" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Conduction Type</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Carrier Concentration</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-3</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Mobility (cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">/V.s)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dislocation Density (cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-2</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Standard Substrate</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InAs</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="68" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Undoped</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="85" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">16</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">³</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">&lt;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InAs</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="68" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Sn</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="85" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(5-20) </span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">&gt;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2000</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">&lt;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InAs</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="68" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Zn</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="85" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">P</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(1-20) </span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">100-300</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">&lt;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">InAs</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="68" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">S</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="85" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(1-10)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="97" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">&gt;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">2000</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">&lt;</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">5</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="92" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="223" valign="center"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: 宋体; font-size: 14px;">Di</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">mension</span></span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="410" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia50.8x0.5mm,10×10×0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×5×0.5mm</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized. </span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="223" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="410" valign="center"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Surface roughness(Ra):&lt;=5&nbsp;Å<br/>Atomic particle microscope ( AFM ) test report can be provided</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="223" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="410" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="223" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="410" valign="center"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
    ["content2"] => string(386) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Dimension</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;"><span style="color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family: Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">Φ</span>50.8x0.5mm,10×10×0.5mm、10×5×0.5mm</span></p><p><br/></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px;">Orientation and size can be customized.&nbsp;</span></p><p><br/></p>"
    ["content_detail"] => string(1248) "<p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">With InAs single crystal substrate, InAsSb/In-AsPSb, InNAsSb and other heterojunction materials can be grown to produce infrared light-emitting devices with wavelengths of 2-14μm. InAs single crystal substrates can also be used to epitaxially grow AlGaSb superlattice structure materials. Mid-infrared quantum cascade laser. These infrared devices have good application prospects in gas monitoring, low-loss optical fiber communications and other fields. In addition, InAs single crystal has high electron mobility and is an ideal material for making Hall devices. As a single crystal substrate, InAs materials need to have low dislocation density, good lattice integrity, appropriate electrical parameters and high uniformity. The main growth method of InP single crystal materials is the traditional liquid-sealed Czochralski technology (LEC).</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">CasCrysTech (CCT) provides high quality Indium Arsenide (InAs) crystas&nbsp;which can be customized upon customer&#39;s requirements.</span></span></p><p><br/></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(30) "Indium Arsenide (InAs) crystal"
    ["meta_key"] => string(49) "superlattice structure,InAs,infrared,superlattice"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(256) "With Indium Arsenide (InAs) crystal substrate, InAsSb/In-AsPSb, InNAsSb and other heterojunction materials can be grown to produce infrared light-emitting devices with wavelengths of 2-14μm.Be used to epitaxially grow AlGaSb superlattice structure materia"
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    ["feature"] => string(47) "InAs single crystal has high electron mobility."
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  [14] => array(28) {
    ["id"] => string(2) "69"
    ["lang"] => string(2) "en"
    ["title"] => string(4) "GaSb"
    ["brief"] => string(0) ""
    ["application"] => string(68) "Be used as substrate materials。
Manufacture of microwave devices."
    ["content"] => string(15861) "<table width="633" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr class="firstRow"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-width: 1px; border-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Single Crystal</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Doping</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Conductivity Type</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Carrier Concentration cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-3</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Mobility (cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">2</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">/V.s)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Dislocation Density (cm</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">-2</span></sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">)</span></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top-width: 1px; border-top-color: windowtext; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Standard Substrate</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">GaSb</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Intrinsic</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">P</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(1-2)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">600-700</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">GaSb</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Zn</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">P</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(5-100) </span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">200-500</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">&nbsp;</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:49px"><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="102" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">GaSb</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="65" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Te</span></p></td><td colspan="2" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="71" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">N</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="103" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">(1-20)</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">17</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="101" valign="center"><p style="text-align:center;line-height:150%"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">2000-3500</span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="96" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">£</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">1</span><span style="font-family: Symbol; font-size: 14px;">´</span><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">10</span><sup><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="" vertical-align:="">4</span></sup></span></p></td><td style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="95" valign="top"><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ2″×0.5mm</span></p><p style="text-align:center"><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Φ3″×0.5mm</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dimension</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Dia50.8x0.5mm,10×10×0.5mm<span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: 宋体;">、</span><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: " times="" new="">10×5×0.5mm</span></span></p><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">According to customer needs, substrates with special orientation and size can be customized.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Surface Roughness</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="top"><p><span style="font-family: " times="" new="" font-size:="">Surface roughness(Ra):&lt;=5&nbsp;Å<br/>Atomic Particle Microscopy (AFM) test report can be provided.</span></p></td></tr><tr><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Polishing</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">One side or two sides</span></p></td></tr><tr style="height:10px"><td colspan="3" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left-width: 1px; border-left-color: windowtext; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="217" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Package</span></p></td><td colspan="5" style="padding: 0px 7px; border-left: none; border-right-width: 1px; border-right-color: windowtext; border-top: none; border-bottom-width: 1px; border-bottom-color: windowtext;" width="416" valign="top"><p><span style="font-size: 14px; font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;">Class 100 clean bag, Class 1000 super clean room</span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p><br/></p>"
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    ["content_detail"] => string(664) "<p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif;"><span style="font-size: 14px; background: rgb(249, 249, 249);">GaSb single crystals can be used as substrate materials because of their lattice constants matching the lattice constants of various ternary and quaternary, III-V compound solid solutions with band gaps in the 0.8~4.3um wide spectral range. The limited mobility of GaSb lattice is greater than that of GaAs, making it a potential application prospect in the manufacture of microwave devices. Growth methods include </span><span style="color: rgb(3, 3, 3); font-size: 14px; background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">LEC, VGF and VBG.</span></span></p>"
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    ["meta_title"] => string(51) "Gallium Antimonide,GaSb, lattice constant, mobility"
    ["meta_key"] => string(67) "substrate materials,matching the lattice constants,limited mobility"
    ["meta_desc"] => string(244) "GaSb single crystals can be used as substrate,Its lattice constants matching the lattice constants of various ternary and quaternary. The limited mobility of GaSb lattice is greater than that of GaAs, making it a potential in microwave devices."
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Limited mobility of GaSb lattice is greater than that of GaAs。"
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